The blood sugar level, blood sugar concentration, or blood glucose level is the concentration of glucose present in the blood of humans and other animals. Glucose is a simple sugar and approximately 4 grams of glucose are present in the blood of a 70-kilogram human at all times.
Blood sugar, or glucose, is the main sugar found in your blood. It comes from the food you eat, and is your body's main source of energy. Your blood carries glucose to all of your body's cells to use for energy. Diabetes is a disease in which your blood sugar levels are too high. Understanding blood glucose level ranges can be a key part of diabetes self-management.
The variations in blood-sugar levels, both before and after meals, are normal and reflect the way that glucose is absorbed and stored in the body. If your blood sugar level is too high, you may experience: Increased thirst. Frequent urination. Fatigue.
Recommended blood glucose levels have a degree of interpretation for every individual and you should discuss this with your healthcare team.In addition, women may be set target blood sugar levels during pregnancy.
TYPES OF DIABETES
There are three main types of diabetes – type 1, type 2 and gestational.
- Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, but occurs most frequently in children and adolescents. When you have type 1 diabetes, your body produces very little or no insulin, which means that you need daily insulin injections to maintain blood glucose levels under control. This causes very little amount of insulin being released into the body and hence the sugar levels build up in the blood of the person instead of getting converted into the energy and being used up. Around 5 to 10 percent people suffering from diabetes are known to have Type 1 diabetes. Usually this disease develops in childhood or adolescence. It was formerly called insulin dependent diabetes or juvenile onset diabetes. Symptoms at the start include serious illness due to sudden indication of high blood sugar levels. Some scientist even feel that this is a genetic condition while others feel that it is due to virus that prompts the immune system to attack the pancreas.
- Type 2 diabetes is more common in adults and accounts for around 90% of all diabetes cases. When you have type 2 diabetes, your body does not make good use of the insulin that it produces. The cornerstone of type 2 diabetes treatment is healthy lifestyle, including increased physical activity and healthy diet. This type diabetes is the common among all and about 80 to 90 percent people suffering from diabetes are known to have type 2 diabetes. This is common among adults but sometimes even children suffer from the same, but this happens in rare cases. This was formerly known as non insulin dependent diabetes or adult onset. As the disease gets worse the pancreas make less and less insulin which can damage the body to a great extent if not curbed and treated on time.Proper meal planning and adding physical activity to your daily routine will surely help you to manage this problem. You can even go for insulin injections if the conditions become non-manageable.
- Gestational diabetes (GDM) is a type of diabetes that consists of high blood glucose during pregnancy and is associated with complications to both mother and child. GDM usually disappears after pregnancy but women affected and their children are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. It has been noticed that the older the woman is during her pregnancy higher is the risk of developing gestational disease during pregnancy. It is temporary in nature because it disappears once the baby is born. Common gestational disease is diabetes mellitus. This disease should not be taken lightly because it can cause danger to life of both the baby and the mother. You can try to manage this condition by changing your lifestyle, exercising daily and by taking medications and insulin injections. Last two options must be avoided as much as possible. Around four percent of all pregnant women suffer from this disease. Good care and proper follow up is required to protect the mother and the fetus.
- HOW DOES EATING AFFECT YOUR BLOOD SUGAR?
Your body breaks down everything you eat and absorbs the food in its different parts. These parts include:carbohydrates,proteins,vitamins and nutrients.
The carbohydrates you consume turn into blood sugar. The more carbohydrates you eat, the higher the levels of sugar you’ll have released as you digest and absorb your food.
Fiber is one component of carbohydrates that isn’t converted into sugar. This is because it can’t be digested. Fiber is important for health, though.
If you have diabetes, your carbohydrate intake is the most important part of your diet to consider when it comes to managing your blood sugar levels.